Did you know that 70% of the internet is invisible to Google? Databases inside universities, statistics from governments, private collections of web stuff, research for corporations, papers written by large organizations - you need them for your essay - most are invisible to Google, Yahoo, et al.
They are compiled by experts so the quality is very high. They are available on the internet but hidden on secure servers. They are invisible to search engines so you must go to them and search them personally. It's approximately 70% of the internet, it's called the Hidden Web, it's also called the Deep Web - and you need to find it if you want to do a good essay.
This is where you find the Hidden Web: (Open Access Information Databases - no logins required)
****Jurn**** The best for History, Economics, Geography - it collects academic journals on the Humanities. Kinda like R, but open and free. It has Sciences & Maths too, but Humanities is its strength.
DOAJ Database of academic journals of all types. It searches 2500 free academic journals online.
LSE Digital Library contains LSE Library collections and also born-digital material that has been collected and preserved in digital formats.
****Europeana**** A digital archive - European museums have joined forces to scan and store Europe's cultural heritage. Heaps of books, articles, art, objects, etc - for free.
Same as Trove and Europeana but newly released for USA - The Digital Public Library of America brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world.
These websites are suggested by librarian Kendra Perkins for Biology:
(can get full text articles online free)
(full text Biology articles online free)
(large database of websites which tells you if they are free or if there are conditions – great for a large variety of sources)
(this is a great information page on how to find more free scientific papers, it provides links to free websites)
For History by Lars Hansen:
www.economist.com, www.cnn.com, and www.bbcnews.com
Digital History: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/
Roy Rozenweig center for Media and History: http://chnm.gmu.edu/
History Channel: http://www.history.com/
Primary Sources Links for History
From Dilshad Rajanov for Physics:
Motion Mountain. The free physics textbook - http://www.motionmountain.net/
Institute of Physics - http://www.iop.org/
The Physics classroom - http://www.physicsclassroom.com/
More Academic Databases- Some are by subscription and some are free - please see a list here:
Search for your discipline (e.g. Music or Science), then check to see if there are some free databases available for you.
Primary Sources/ Experts
Some subjects allow or require students to conducting experiments or design surveys to collect their own primary source data. Collecting original data is an excellent way to answer some research questions, and requires high levels of critical thinking to analyse the data. If this is an option or requirement for your Extended Essay - it is highly advisable!
- Many experts in a field of knowledge are happy to share their expertise with young scholars via e-mail, video-conferencing or in person. Be prepared with specific questions or an interview guide so as not to waste time.
World Wide Web - Internet Search Search the World Wide Web LAST. By the time you've searched the above you've become well acquainted with your topic and can spot relevant and reliable information on the web. Here's a short video to help you speed up your Google Search: